March 2, 2008 (Stake Conference)
March 9, 2008 (Ward Conference)
March 16, 2008
2 Nephi 11-25
Yikes! This is an impossible block of text to treat in a Sunday School class. Ironically, tho we’re told to study the words of Isaiah (3 Ne. 23:1; Mor.8:23) too many of us too often race through them at break-neck speed simply to get past them. If you haven’t already visited Joe Spencer’s post regarding Isaian in the Book of Mormon which I directed you to in the last lesson’s notes, go there now and read his thoughts. Though lengthy, it’s well worth your time.
v.1-4,6: In what way does Nephi prove that his words are true and that Christ will come? How does God prove all his words? Are Nephi’s and God’s words the same? Is the proof the same? Why and how does Nephi want his people to liken Isaiah to themselves? Does this likening extend to us? What things typify Christ? Is it true that ALL things typify Christ? X Moses 6:63.
v. 5: How do grace, justice, power and mercy work together regarding our covenants?
v. 7: How does Nephi’s logic strike you here?
v. 8: What is the message of Isaiah’s words if they evoke hope and rejoicing and in what way are we to liken them to ourselves and all men? Here and elsewhere Nephi gives us keys for understanding Isaiah, specifically:
*They pertain to things both temporal and spiritual – 1 Ne. 22:3.
*We should liken them unto ourselves and all men – 2 Ne. 11:8.
*Become familiar with the manner of prophesying among the Jews – 2 Ne. 25:1.
*Be filled with the spirit of prophecy (Holy Ghost) – 2 Ne. 25:4.
*Live in the days that the prophecies of Isaiah are fulfilled – 2 Ne. 25:7.
Another way, according to David Rolph Seely in his contribution to the FARMS Isaiah In The Book of Mormon, pg. 152 is to become familiar with the common themes Isaiah addresses. “The poetry of Isaiah is like a musical fugue that intertwines several different themes….the main themes [are] 1. Jesus Christ as the Messiah, 2. the scattering of Israel, 3. the day of the gentiles, and 4. the gathering and restoration of Israel, leading to the judgment of the world. As we gain familiarity with each of the themes, we are better able to appreciate and understand the full score of Isaiah.”
In Isaiah 2 the KJV has introduced 23 variations to the original Book of Mormon text. Of these, 3 are additions, 14 are deletions and 6 are modifications. Thirteen of the 22 verses contain changes. Of these, three are stylistic and the other 10 contain substantive changes.
Summarizing the differences between the Book of Mormon Isaiah and Bible Isaiah:
1. Verse 5. By eliminating the phrase “for ye have all gone astray,” the KJV changes the verse from a call to repentance to an invitation to the righteous.
2. Verse 6. The KJV translators, in adding a word of clarification to the Hebrew text, misinterpret the intent of the passage from LISTENING TO to BEING soothsayers.
3. Verse 9. By eliminating the word “not” in two locations, the KJV introduces the concept that although the proud humble themselves, they shall not be forgiven for their pride.
4. Verse 10, 19 and 21. By two deletions from v. 10, the KJV changes the accusation of wickedness and the promise of punishment by the Lord to an act of the Israelites designed to glorify the Lord. The same is true for the other 2 verses.
5. Verse 12. The KJV deletes the universility of the effect of the second coming of the Lord.
6. Verse 13. The BM version cites pride as the reason for the judment of the Lord. An alteration of the wording “for they” to “that” materially weakens the concept of pride as the reason for judgment.
7. Verse 14. The KJ continues to eliminate the concept of pride by removing reference to nations and to people, leaving only mountains and hills as the object of the Lord’s wrath.
8. Verse 16. The universaliy of the judgment of the Lord, as depicted in verses 13 to 16, is removed from the KJV by deletion of the phrase “and upon all the ships of the sea.”em>The Legacy of the Brass Plates of Laban, H. Clay Gorton